Skin Pigmentation Treatment

Pigmentation & Freckles Removal 

Skin Pigments? Unwanted Freckles? Don’t you hate them? 

Skin pigmentation and unwanted freckles definitely gets in the way of anyone’s quest of having smooth, fair and flawless skin.

You look at yourself in front of the mirror, then, you see it. A blemish on your skin. You freak out and just wish that you could take a pencil eraser and rub it off of your face.

A great consolation is that skin blemishes are completely harmless. However, it does look rather unsightly and can dampen your confidence and self-esteem. But, how about we get to understand why skin pigmentation happens and spot the common types, so you would have a better idea and knowledge on those blemishes on your skin.

Let us also explore the options available for you in getting rid of those spots. Because, a pencil eraser just would not work, at all.

What is Skin Pigmentation?

You may notice that every race has a different skin color. The color of the skin depends on the amount of pigment called melanin that is produced by the melancocytes cells in the lower most layer of epidermis of our skin. It is this very pigment that dictates your skin color, the more melanin that you have in your skin, the darker your skin tone will be.

However, giving you your skin color is not the only responsibility of melanin. More importantly, it is what protects you and your skin from the harmful UV rays of the sun. But this very function of the melanin is what causes pigmentation conditions to occur. This is because too much exposure to the sun actually stimulates melanin production. This is what will keep you from getting those painful and nasty sunburns.

The overexposure to the sun is what makes you develop hyperpigmentation. It is a harmless condition where patches of your skin become darker as compared to the normal surrounding areas. On the other hand, when your skin produces too little melanin, it can cause patches of your skin to turn lighter than your normal skin color. Aside from the genetic condition of albinism, hypopigmentation can happen when you get an infection, blister and burns.

Who Can Get It?

Asians in general are more prone to developing skin pigmentation as compared to Caucasians. This is because Asians have higher amounts of melanin in the skin. The melancocytes cells, which are responsible for producing melanin, are distributed between both the innermost and outermost layer of the skin making Asian skin more predisposed to blemishes when exposed to the sun.

The Causes

One of the main causes of skin pigmentation is overexposure to the sun. Exposure to the sun’s UV rays triggers the inflammatory response of your body to protect from its harmful effects. Commonly, you get sunburn as a result, but brief moments of exposure to the sun can actually initiate the inflammation process of your body. When the sun hits your skin, inflammatory hormones in your skin stimulate responses, like increase vasodilation of your blood vessels, activate nerve endings, increase the release of histamine and setting off the function on the melancolytes. Continuous exposure to the sun can cause for the constant production of the hormones, which can permanently activate the melancolytes and lead to, you guessed it, pigmentation.

Other than sun exposure, genetics play a big part in the occurrence of pigmentation. Hormonal changes can also cause for patches of skin discoloration to happen. This can be triggered by certain medications that change the chemical levels of estrogen and progesterone in the body, like birth control pills, or because of pregnancy in women.

Type of Skin Pigmentation

You call it dark spots or blemishes. Skin pigmentation can actually be categorized into different types. But, have you ever thought about what type of pigmentation you actually have. Here are ten of the most common pigmentation conditions to give you an idea of that blemish that you just found on your skin.


Freckles are the most common type of pigmentation caused by over exposure to the sun. It can be just a speck of reddish brown spot or a concentrated cluster of light brown patches on your skin.

Age Spots

Another common type of pigmentation are age spots, or can sometimes be called liver spots or ephilids. They are usually brown, gray or black in color, which are most likely to appear on areas of the skin where the sun hits the most. They are caused by skin aging and sun exposure.

This is type of pigmentation is more commonly known as acne spots. When you get a pimple or acne, your skin reacts by releasing substances, like arachidonic acid, prostaglandins and leucocytes, which stimulate the function melancocytes to produce melanin.


Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation that occurs among women ages 20 to 50 years old with most common cases among pregnant women. This pigmentation condition is characterized by a patchy brown, tan or blue-gray skin discoloration typically in the jawline, cheekbone and central face areas. Aside from sun exposure, it is brought about by hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy and with medications, such as birth control pills.


Vitiligo, on the other hand, is a type of hypopigmentation where the immune system goes on overdrive and destroys the melancocytes in the skin. So, instead of dark patches on the skin, this is characterized by light patches that are brought about by genetic oxidative stress imbalance, critical sunburn or cut or exposure to certain chemicals.


This type of skin pigmentation is neither caused by sun exposure, hormonal change or medications, but is actually in born. While there are no known facts what causes birthmarks, it develops from abnormal blood vessels under the skin, which leaves it with a reddish, pinkish or purplish discoloration. Commonly birthmarks are flat, but there are types where the discolored area is raised and lumpy with some becoming hairy.

Prevention and Remedies

If you notice a spot on your face, the best way to prevent it from aggravating is by limiting your exposure from the sun. But of course, there are certain cases when sun exposure is inevitable. That is why it is crucial that you protect your skin from the harmful rays of the sun by applying sunscreen lotion on your exposed skin. Apply a good amount of sunscreen lotion that it forms a film half an hour before you go out in the sun. And one application is not enough, you should reapply two to three hours after your each application throughout the day. Also, do not think that you can compromise a higher SPF with intermittent use.

Protecting your skin from the sun’s harmful rays is the best preventive measure you can do against skin pigmentation. But, if you already have blemishes on your skin, do not worry as there are a number of remedies you can use to lighten those dark spots.

1. Home Remedies

Your kitchen cupboard can actually be a great resource to find cheap remedies to lighten those blemishes. One of the most popular skin lightening ingredient is lemon. It is very effective in lightening dark spots because of its bleaching properties. Other natural home remedies that can minimize ski pigmentation are potato, red onion, vinegar, cucumber, yogurt and avocado.

2. Whitening Creams

If home remedies do not work, your next best option are topical whitening creams. While there are commercially sold creams in the market, it is best to consult your dermatologist for prescription creams that will treat your skin pigmentation.

3. Laser Skin Treatment

If the thought of lathering chemicals on your face does not sit well with you, having a professional laser skin treatment can actually do wonders in giving you a flawless and even skin. A fine laser light is emitted to target dark areas of the skin causing it to scab and fall off. It removes the damaged layer of the skin making way for new layer of skin to grow. This new layer is noticeably lighter and will eventually matches the normal surrounding skin color.

A great thing about laser skin treatment is that it only targets a specific area of the skin and not the entire face. And the intensity of the laser can be adjusted according to the darkness or lightness of the pigmentation. This “customized” treatment will result for a more even skin tone unlike the other treatments. Optimum results are evident after several treatment sessions at your doctor’s clinic.

Read more about Chemical Peeling and Skin Rejuvenation Treatment.

Setup your no-obligation consultation with Dr Tyng Tan to see if Fractional Laser is right for you!

Note This form and any reply to it does not take the place of an actual in person consultation. It is merely intended to provide us with an initial idea of your condition and goals. With this information we can then give you an informed reply.


This website is intended to provide you with general information only. This information is not a substitute for advice from our aesthetic doctor and does not contain all the known facts about this procedure or every possible side effect of Treatment. It is important that you speak to our aesthetic doctor before deciding to undergo the treatment.

At the time of your consultation one of our medical practitioner will provide you information regarding your procedures.