10 Skin Problems that Result in Scars, Spots and Other Marks

The skin is the biggest organ, covering the entirety of the human form. Taking care of our skin is not only an effort to look good and healthy, but also reduces our vulnerability to certain diseases and maintain its physiological functions.

However, skin woes such skin pigmentation can be alarming if it’s on the exposed and prominent area of our body and especially if we just do not know what to do about them.

However, thanks to science for finding out the causes of skin pigmentation and for identifying what needs to be done to prevent them from further damaging the skin. Below are the said causes and what you need to know about them.

Cut and Scratches

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Cuts are usually evidenced by a line of damage that may go through the skin and deeper into the muscle tissues beneath. On the other hand, a scratch does not penetrate the lower tissues. For the more serious variety, a visit to the doctor shall do a lot of good. These could happen to almost anybody, but children are more vulnerable to them, so the parents need to keep an eye on their kids.

Usually affecting the surface of the skin, they usually heal by themselves, especially when cleansed and treated immediately. For medication, there are over-the-counter medications available including pain relievers to reduce the irritation and prevent inflammation as well as topical creams for swelling.

Skin Lesions

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Technically speaking, lesions are parts of the skin that stand out because of their abnormal growth. There are two types of lesions. The primary one is a skin pigmentation that has been with the person since birth, earning it the moniker “birth marks.” Another type are blisters or vesicles, which are filled with clear fluid that is less than half a centimeter in size.

Some of the causes include sunburn, insect bites, viral infections, and friction from shoes and clothing. Some lesions, like warts, are commonly caused by an infection that is passed on through direct skin contact, while others are hereditary.

For its treatment, there are topical medications and for those that are caused by systemic infection, oral medications are prescribed.

Macules

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Macules are flattened areas of skin that are less than one centimeter wide and discolored with a very distinct brown color. It does not change the thickness or the texture of skin, but when it gets bigger than one centimeter, it is considered as a patch. Macules are usually found on the back, chest, arms, and face and can be lighter or darker than the surrounding skin.

Most affected by this condition are babies, young children, and the older adults. Macules are mostly caused by vitiligo or ultra-violet light exposure and are normally cured by skin laser therapy, topical steroids, and even surgery, depending on the diagnosis of the doctor. It is best to treat it as early as detected.

Fungal Infection

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Fungi are microorganisms that are identified by a substance in their cell known as chitin. It can occur in different places of the body in various forms. These include athlete’s foot, jock itch, ringworm, onychomycosis, candidiasis albicans, and other organisms.

Fungal infections are contagious and can easily spread among human beings. Since there are no vaccines against them, they are easy prey to these type of infections.

However, there are different antifungal drugs available for its treatment and are normally dictated by the location of the infection and how severe it has become. For mild cases, antifungal creams, drops, or ointment are normally prescribed, while the more serious ones may require oral medication or injections.

Rashes

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With this kind of discoloration, the change in color and texture are noticeable and may turn scaly, bumpy, or itchy. Contact dermatitis is one of the most common causes of rashes along with allergies, medications, cosmetics, and certain kinds of diseases like chickenpox and measles.

Most contact rashes are treatable but that depends on what caused it. For home treatments, you should use gentle cleansers instead of soap bars that contain harmful ingredients, chemicals, and irritants. Warm water should be used for bathing and washing and should be dried simply by patting instead of rubbing it. Avoid scratching it at all cost. For over-the-counter solutions, hydrocortisone relieves severe itching resulting in extreme discomfort. For rashes associated with conditions like chickenpox, poison ivy, or poison oak, there is calamine lotion.

Hives

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Also called urticaria, hives are itchy and raised welts on the skin that are usually red, pink, or flesh-colored. Most of the time, they are caused by an allergic reaction to a kind of medication or a certain type of food. While they go away on their own, there are some chronic cases along with those associated with severe allergic reactions.

Since it is a severe form of allergic reaction, a person who develops it would oftentimes require emergency care. Steroids can relieve the swelling, redness, and itching. It also prevents it from coming back. However, in situations where the reaction escalates, the medications would have to be given intravenously. Adrenaline injections, such as epinephrine, may also be used to avoid anaphylactic shock which could lead to death.

Lacerations

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These are cuts or openings that happen because of an external injury. Some are superficial while the others could affect the tendons, muscles, ligaments, and bones. Punctured wounds are caused by a sharp and pointed objects and are normally small and doesn’t bleed that much. However, they can be easily infected and for those that are caused by a rusty piece of metal or nails, medical attention should be given immediately.

First aid treatment includes covering the affected area and applying gentle pressure on it. In case of heavy bleeding, medical help should be sought right away.

Bleeding into the Skin

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There is a possibility for blood vessels to burst and the small amount of blood that escapes from them would sometimes show right under the surface of the skin. The bursting is usually caused by injuries, allergic reactions to food, and autoimmune disorders to name a few. Such bleeding may look like small dots otherwise known as petechiae, and pupura when they are the larger and flat patches variety.

Home treatments for this include elevating the injured limb, but only if it is possible, putting ice on the injured area for 10 minutes or use acetaminophen for pain relief.

Contact Dermatitis

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This condition happens when the skin is exposed to foreign substances or water that makes your skin itchy, red, and inflamed. Though usually not sever, they can be very distressful until the itching goes away.

At this point, there should be no scratching and the patient has to clean the skin with soap and lukewarm water to get rid of the irritants.

Eczema

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A common skin disease, eczema is marked by itchy and inflamed patches of skin. It also goes by the name atopic dermatitis, whose usual victims are babies and young children caused by an overactive immune system.

The treatment for eczema includes oral over-the-counter antihistamines to get rid of the itching, cortisone (steroid) creams, and ointments.

For more information on how to treat skin pigmentation, Dr. Tyng Tan of Renewal Aesthetics will provide you with a personalized treatment plan for your skin discoloration issues. Dr. Tan is knowledgeable in assessing Asian skin and its intricacies.

Call us now or simply fill-out our inquiry today!

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